The smallest and poorest of Canadas regions comprises
a. the Atlantic provinces.
b. the northern territories.           
c. the Prairie provinces.


a. the Atlantic provinces.


The provinces of Quebec and Ontario contain parts of all of the following except the
a. Canadian Shield.
b. Hudson Bay Lowlands.
c. Rocky Mountains.
d. St. Lawrence Lowlands.



c. Rocky Mountains.


The economic development of Ontario and Quebec was greatly influenced by their location
a. bordering the United States.
b. bordering the Great Lakes and the St. Lawrence River.
c. along the Grand Banks.
d. in the Canadian Shield.



b. bordering the Great Lakes and the St. Lawrence River.


Many of the mineral deposits and oil reserves in the Yukon and Northwest Territories have not been developed because
a. environmental laws prohibit the mining of land in these territories.
b. native Inuit refuse to give up their lands.
c. the area is sparsely settled.
d. harsh climate and rugged terrain make mining difficult.



d. harsh climate and rugged terrain make mining difficult.


Two important economic activities in the Prairie provinces are
a. forestry and fishing.
b. petroleum processing and farming.
c. manufacturing and trade.
d. transportation and banking.



b. petroleum processing and farming.


Warfare between British and French colonists in North America between 1689 and 1763 ended with
a. the British defeat in the Battle of Quebec.
b. France surrendering most of its lands to Britain.
c. independence for Canada.
d. France gaining control of Canada.



b. France surrendering most of its lands to Britain.


Many French Canadians feel that they are victims of discrimination because
a. English is the official language in Canada.
b. the majority of French-speaking Canadians live in Quebec.
c. they cannot get jobs in government or industry due to their French ancestry.
d. Quebec has seceded from Canada.



c. they cannot get jobs in government or industry due to their French ancestry.


In an effort to preserve cultural diversity, the Canadian national government has adopted a policy of
a. separatism.
b. multiculturalism.
c. ethnic unity.
d. nationalism.



b. multiculturalism.


Building a pipeline above ground to transport Canadas oil and mineral resources
a. creates barriers to the migration of Arctic animals.
b. causes acid rain.
c. disrupts the permafrost of the fragile environment.
d. permanently damages the natural vegetation.



a. creates barriers to the migration of Arctic animals.



Links with developing countries as well as the European Community are provided by Canadas membership in
a. the British Empire.
b. the North American Free Trade Agreement.
c. the Commonwealth of Nations.
d. the Highland Games.

c. the Commonwealth of Nations.

The most important natural resource of the Atlantic provinces is
a. wildlife.
b. rich soil.
c. the sea.
d. petroleum.

c. the sea.

Quebec and Ontario developed as Canadas economic heart because of the provinces location
a. on the major waterway linking the Canadian interior and the Atlantic Ocean.
b. along Canada
s major railroad lines.
c. bordering the Hudson Bay.
d. in the southeastern corner of Canada near the United States.

a. on the major waterway linking the Canadian interior and the Atlantic Ocean.

The large cities of the Prairie provinces developed in the late 1800s
a. along the newly built railroads.
b. along major waterways.
c. around mining centers.
d. around oil fields.

a. along the newly built railroads.

The rich mineral deposits and large reserves of petroleum in the northern territories are
a. being exploited at the expense of the environment.
b. causing a population boom in the region.
c. largely undeveloped because of the harsh climate and terrain.
d. forcing the native Inuit to radically alter their lifestyle.

c. largely undeveloped because of the harsh climate and terrain.

All of the following factors have contributed to making national unity difficult to achieve except
a. many Canadians
strong ties to regional and ethnic groups.
b. rivalry between Canadians of English and French heritage.
c. great differences among the provinces and territories.
d. immigration of central and eastern Europeans to Canada.

d. immigration of central and eastern Europeans to Canada.

The province of Quebec has its strongest ties to the customs and culture of
a. Britain.
b. the United States.
c. France.
d. Native Americans.

c. France.

When Canada became an independent nation in 1931, the government
a. continued to protect the rights of French-speaking citizens.
b. made English the official language of Canada.
c. passed laws to end the influence of French culture.
d. established Quebec as a distinct society within the nation.

a. continued to protect the rights of French-speaking citizens.

Today Canada must balance the opportunities of developing its northern resources with the challenge of
a. competing for markets with the United States.
b. protecting the fragile environment of the tundra.
c. building transportation and communication facilities in the region.
d. supplying a labor force large enough to mine the area.

b. protecting the fragile environment of the tundra.

In the very important economic link between the United States and Canada, the United States buys
a. almost 75 percent of all Canadian exports.
b. almost 25 percent of all Canadian exports.
c. all of Canada
s petroleum and natural gas.
d. manufactured goods only.

a. almost 75 percent of all Canadian exports.

Which of the following statements about Canada is false?
a. It has a stable government.
b. It has attracted millions of immigrants in recent decades.
c. It has few economic links with the United States.
d. It has links with members of the European Community.

c. It has few economic links with the United States.


bordering on or related to the sea

maritime


to withdraw

secede


solid rock that is usually covered by soil, gravel, and sand

bedrock


political division

province


favoring the making of a region into a separate country

separatism


an enclosed area on a canal that raises or lowers ships from one water level to another

lock


tariffs or fees

customs


Canada includes 3 territories and 10 ____.

provinces

Solid rock that is usually covered by soil, gravel, and sand is called ____.

bedrock


Travelers between Canada and the United States must pay ____ on goods brought in from the other country.

Custom


Many Quebecois favor ____, or making Quebec an independent country.

separatism


Because the Atlantic provinces all border the sea, they are sometimes called the ____ provinces.

maritime


To make up for the differences in water levels between the ocean and the Great Lakes, the St. Lawrence Seaway includes a series of ____.

Lock


In 1995, a referendum held to decide whether the residents of Quebec should ____, or withdraw, from the rest of Canada failed by a narrow margin.

secede


Canadas political division

Provinces


Regions that have limited government structure

Territories


Mainland area of Eastern Canada includes Newfoundland

Labrador


Most people who live in Newfoundland make their living from

Fishing


The largest Canadian province in area

Quebec


Canadas most populated city

Toronto


Wanted to form an independent country because of the language issue

Separatists


First separatists providence

Quebec


First Providence to think about leaving Canada

British Columbia


Why did the British Columbia want to be its own country

Isolated because of the Rocky and Pacific Mountains


British Columbias largest city

Vancouver


Twin Providences

Saskatchewan and Alberta


Which Providence has the richest farmland

Manitoba


What Providence is Canadas Capital of Ottawa located in

Ontario


Largest Area of all Providences

Quebec


Maine buys all there electric from what Providence

New Brunswick


Speak two languages

Bilingual


Providence That Tourism Is the Major Economy

Prince Edwards Island


Providence that is the leading producer of petroleum

Alberta


Tax that a government charges on imports

tariff